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Previous CMI Summer Schools

Topic 2015: Future Internet Paradigm – market and applications

The Internet has long proven its potentials beyond the simple types of communications it originally was designed for. Today, virtually everybody and all sectors in society use the Internet and ICTs as enabling technologies for all kinds of communications, production, distribution, and innovation of products, services, and business models. Internet is used as a generic, digital exchange and distribution platform.

These development trends are concerned with the fact that ICTs are becoming crucial enabling technologies for all other industries and social sectors of society. Since the 1980s, ICTs have been seen as core technologies in the current technological paradigm guiding industrial and social developments. In the first phase of this technological paradigm, most research and policy focus has been on ICT itself – technologically, economically, and politically. In the current phase, more emphasis is on the enabling qualities of ICTs and how this issue affects technology and market developments, business models, and policies and regulation.

This year we focus on these development trends and discuss the potentials and limitations and drivers and barriers of ICTs as enabling technologies and platforms. PhD students studying new media developments as well as PhD students examining new market developments and policies and regulations and PhD students exploring architectural issues in ICT and new developments of technologies and protocols are highly welcome to participate in the course. PhDs dealing with following topics (but not limited to) benefit from participating in the course:

  • Over The Top (OTT) media
  • OTT voice and messaging
  • Information centric networking
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • Smart homes and cities
  • E-governance
  • E-payment
  • E-learning
  • Intelligent Transport Systems
  • New ICT-based business models and ecosystems
  • Network and platform neutrality


Topic 2014: Internet and new media - institutions and innovation systems

The topic of the 2014 PhD summer school is concerned with Internet and new media. Focus is on the reconfigurations of the ICT field connected with the developments of convergence of the IT area, telecoms, and the mass media. At a technical level as well as at a business and market level, IT, telecoms, and media have increasingly been converging during the past decades based technologically on digitization, in a broad sense, and on Internet, more specifically. However, we are not witnessing a convergence on 'equal terms' and in the last decade, it has become still clearer that IT is developing into being the dominant business area in this convergence.

The discussions in the course will be related to technology developments and the development of institutions and markets from political, economic as well as social perspectives. Mobile application markets are presently dominated by IT companies, first and foremost Apple and Google, due to their competences in software and user interfaces as well as timely introduction of proper business models. One of the questions raised at the summer school is the extent to which traditional linear broadcast will be able to innovate and adapt to the changing environment.

A central topic at the summer school will be the geo-political aspects of these ICT developments as a consequence of the dominance of the US in the IT field. National and regional innovation systems will be discussed in order to examine how technology and market developments can be influenced politically. The theoretical basis of the course will be taken from the literature on innovation theory, institutional theory, political economy, and theories on business strategies.

Topics discussed at the summer school include:

  • Political economy of ICTs
  • Institutional analysis
  • Future Internet technologies
  • Future of broadcast
  • Mobile Communications
  • The political economy of standardization
  • Hegemonic relations in converging media
  • Trends in regulations of converging media
  • New media business models

Topic 2013: The Internet – institutions and technologies

The focus of the 2013 summer school is on the Internet, its institutions and technologies. This includes discussions of technology developments, institutions, and governance structures of the Internet from political, economic as well as social perspectives. Furthermore, the summer school will give emphasis to the character of the ongoing convergences between the IT area, telecommunications, and the mass media. The Internet is the prime platform for such convergences, where presently the IT area seems increasingly to take precedence over telecommunications and the mass media.

The developments of the Internet and the implications of applications of the Internet for communications, the media, and the cultural industries will be seen in light of broader directions and forces of information society developments. The 2013 PhD summer school features Robin Mansell's book 'Imagining the Internet' and the discussions this book raises concerning the paradoxes of information and communications in present society.

The summer school will thus be concerned with the Internet and its institutions and technologies at three different levels: The Internet as such, interactions between Internet developments and other communication, media and cultural industries, and more general information society developments relating specifically to free access vs. intellectual property rights.

Topics discussed at the summer school include:

  • Political economy of ICTs
  • Institutional analysis
  • Future Internet technologies
  • Internet governance
  • Free access vs. intellectual property rights
  • The political economy of standardization
  • Hegemonic relations in converging media
  • Trends in regulations of converging media

Topic 2012: The Internet – institutions and technologies

The topic of the 2012 CMI PhD summer school is 'The Internet – institutions and technologies'. The focus will be on two important developments: 1) Internet and the media and 2) Internet of Things (IoT)

Internet is becoming a major infrastructure for media services. This is driven by social media and new and creative content, by mobile and fixed broadband infrastructures, by application and service platforms, the development of end user devices like smart phones and tablet PCs, and new business models. Recent developments in broadcasting and Internet technologies have radically changed the conditions for the development and use of media and communication services. One of the most significant examples of this trend is the paradigm shift from traditional broadcast to hybrid Broadcast - Broadband technologies and the over-the-top (OTT) platforms. These solutions open new pathways but also constitute great challenges to the industry and market.

Another important area of change for the future Internet is the Internet of Things (IoT). IoT introduces significant changes in our lives and help realizing visions of "ambient intelligence". Within a few years we will be surrounded by a huge amount of sensors, devices and "things", which will be able to communicate and bring artificial intelligence to different sectors of society and promote the development of areas such as smart cities, green IoT, e-health, intelligent transport, supply chain management, factory automation etc.

These changes massively influence markets and businesses and the development of services and applications. The aim of the PhD summer school is to discuss the major factors influencing this development with focus on the interplay between technological, political, economic and cultural aspects.

Topics included:

  • Internet and the media
  • Convergence of telecommunications, IT and the media
  • Internet TV and Hybrid Broadband Broadcast TV
  • Internet of Things
  • IPv6
  • Cloud computing
  • Broadband
  • Social media
  • Business models
  • The interrelationships between technology, market developments and regulations

Topic 2011: ICT and the media - New architectures and value configurations

The topic of the 2011 PhD summer school is 'ICT and the media: New architectures and value configurations'

During the past couple of decades, telecommunications, IT and the media have gone through fundamental changes technologically, economically and politically resulting in new challenges and crossroads. Convergence of telecommunications, IT and the media has reached a stage where entirely new value configurations are taking shape. The role of users is also changing with the widespread growth of social networks and other user centered and user generated applications.

Among the outstanding developments is the increasing focus on platforms not only in a technological sense of the concept but also market-wise. Multi-sided platforms have a long history but have gained prominence with the use of ICT in different business areas. Cloud computing is another important development trend. Cloud computing is not only a 'hot topic' but raises a range of technological, business-oriented and regulatory issues so far only little explored in-depth. Furthermore, the media have witnessed serious challenges regarding their traditional business models and content. This applies to the written media as well as video and audio media.

Such developments raise questions regarding technological architectures as well as value configurations and content and services. The summer school puts focus on these interlinked developments examining the relationships between network issues and business, content and service issues. Attendants to the course will be PhD students with a technology background as well as students with a business or media background.

Specific topics included:

  • Convergence of telecommunications, IT and the media
  • New technology architectures
  • Changing value configurations
  • Multi-sided platforms
  • Cloud computing
  • Social media
  • New media business models
  • The interrelationships between technology, market developments and regulations

Topic 2010: Social Networking

The PhD summer school on the political economy information and communication technologies focuses on social networking in 2010. Internet-based communities have existed for more than 20 years, but during the past few years, social networking has become widespread. Worldwide, people connect via the web and extend their social communities beyond what could ever have been realized without the web.

Till now, users of web-based social networking and communities have mainly used traditional computers with large screens. For many users the concept of social networking means always-on, which sets focus on the trend of being able to do social networking also on smart phones and other smaller screens. The transition from the big screen to the small screen in relation to social networking and communities will be one of the issues examined at the PhD summer school. The summer school will concentrate on the interrelationships between the technological, economic, political, and cultural aspects of social networking.

Issues that will be dealt with at the summer school include:

  • User generated content and applications
  • Mobility and social networks
  • Privacy and trust in social networks
  • Standards and technical platforms
  • New services and applications for mobile devices facilitating social networks
  • Business models for social networks
  • Regulatory aspects of social networks

Topic 2009: Next Generation Mobile Media – the development of new converged text, audio, and video media on mobile and wireless platforms

The topic of the 2009 PhD summer school is Next Generation Mobile Media – the development of new converged text, audio, and video media on mobile and wireless platforms. The summer school is concerned with the new and upcoming mobile and wireless technology platforms and service architectures as well as the content and communications delivered and facilitated. Technology developments as well as the market and policy aspects of Next Generation Mobile Media are discussed. This includes user requirements, business models, market developments, and the regulatory framework for network development and content delivery. Emphasis is on the newest and upcoming developments in the field including social networking on mobile and wireless platforms.

The discussions on the developments in mobile media take their point of departure in a general understanding of the relationships between technology developments and market and policy developments. Subjects that will be dealt with during the course include:

  • Innovation strategies and policies
  • Business models and market development
  • Digital rights management (DRM) and Conditional Access (CA) technologies
  • Regulatory aspects, in particular in relation to privacy and spectrum regulation
  • Heterogeneous network infrastructures for development of mobile media regarding distributive as well as communicative network architectures
  • Seamless mobility and issues of handover and roaming, when it comes to mobile media
  • QoS/QoE, e.g. relating to ‘managed mobile media service versus mobile internet
  • Service architecture for mobile media with respect to context awareness, user profiles, content metadata indexing, and personalization
  • Content issues focusing on professionally generated content as well as user generated content

Topic 2008: Implications of intellectual property rights (IPR) on innovations in information and communication technologies, services and content

The theme of the 2008 PhD Summer School is the implications of intellectual property rights (IPR) on innovations in information and communication technologies, services and content. It will examine the interrelations between technical, economic, policy and legal issues that are shaping both the evolution of IPR and the environment for innovation. It will encompass research issues relating to technology infrastructure development, as well as media and content development, and distribution and sharing.

The major categories of IPR that the Summer School will examine are copyright and patents. The copyright focus will be on the implications of Internet developments – fixed and mobile - on content distribution (including peer-to-peer file sharing and multiple platform distribution), and new business models (including Internet-based content distribution and user created content platforms). Issues relating to digital rights management (DRM) systems and conditional access (CA) will also be covered.

Concerning patents, the emphasis will be on the role of patents in the innovation strategies of companies in the manufacturing and services sectors, as well as on patent policies and the evolving international patent system. The much debated issue of software patents will be taken up and the debates around software patents will be reviewed in light of economic theory, empirical evidence and legal interpretations.

In examining all these issues the focus will be on the implications for innovation. This includes the innovation strategies and business models of companies as well as the policy and regulatory framework institutionalised by public authorities, including national and EU innovation policies and programs.

Topic 2007: Next Generation Applications and Services

'Next Generation Applications and Services’ is the theme of the 2007 PhD summer school on the Political Economy of ICT.

The focus of the 2007 summer school is on the new and upcoming developments of interactive media and applications, which are accessible and to which users can contribute on the various converging mobile and fixed platforms. Among the issues taken up are mobile media, including mobile TV, social computing/Web 2.0, and IPTV. The technology trends will be explored and the business potentials examined. Furthermore, the policy and regulatory issues relating to the development of new IP-based applications and services will be analysed, including the proposed EU directive on Audiovisual Media Services (AVMS) and copyright regulations.

The approach taken in this PhD course is multidisciplinary, which means that the development of next generation IP applications and services will be analysed from the view point of the interrelationships between technology developments and the economic and political developments relating to the markets for new mobile and fixed IP-based applications and services.

Topic 2006: New Mobile and Wireless Communications - Technology and Market Construction

The 2006 theme of the course is to examine the different phases and aspects of technology development (invention, innovation and diffusion) in order to analyse the diverse factors affecting the construction of dominant technology and market designs.

This includes the strategies for:

  • Technology standardisation;
  • Innovation strategies;
  • Market diffusion;
  • Cost factors;
  • Demand factors;
  • Technology policy;
  • Regulation

The main case of studies of the course are:

  • Digital broadcasting;
  • Digital media on mobile platforms and broadcasting infratructures, including the development of the DVB-H;
  • The development of WiMAX as a stand alone technology as well as in combination with other technologies


The presenters at the PhD Summer School include both guest lectures and faculty staff from Center for Communication, Media and Information technologies (CMI).

From CMI:

Guest lectures:


  • Eli Noam, professor Columbia Institute for Tele-Information, Columbia University
  • Jan Markendahl, Associate Professor in Wireless Infrastructure Deployment at KTH, Sweden


  • Benkt Åke Lundvall, Professor, Aalborg University
  • Dwayne Winseck, Professor, Carleton University


  • Robin Mansel, Professor, LSE


  • Ruth Towse, Professor of Economics in the Creative Industries, Bournemouth University


  • Robert Picard, Professor, IME, Jönköping International Business School
  • Ramjee Prasad, Professor, CTIF/AAU


  • Charles Steinfield, Professor, MSU
  • Ramjee Prasad, Professor, CTIF/AAU


  • Martin Fransman, Professor, JETS, University of Edinburgh
  • Jean Paul Simon, JPS Public Policy Consulting


  • Nicholas Garnham, professor Emeritus, Westminster University.
  • Robert Picard, Professor, MMT centre, Jönköping International Business School


  • Jens Arnbak, professor, TU Delft, former telecoms regulator in the Netherlands.
  • Ewan Sutherland, professor, former executive director of International Telecommunications Users Group.
  • Alexei Gaivoronski, Professor, DIETM
  • Juha Laine, Professor, DCSE
  • Heikki Hämmäinen, Professor, DSCE